20/02/2009

Mauritania wants to get out of the crisis

Mauritania is not often the focus of international news and it is probably not only because it is not the largest country neither of the Union of the Arab Maghreb nor of the African Union but also because the political processes taking place never end in violences.

However, since the eviction in August 2008 of the President democratically elected in April 2007 and the installation by the military government supported by the Parliament, also democratically elected in April 2007, and the majority of mayors The international perception of the Mauritanian reality evolves and is subject to consultations with the last taking place today in Paris.

The Cotonou agreements imply, in fact, that the European Union opens consultations each time that the constitutional order of a partner country is changed. Consultations with the Mauritanian authorities progress even though they have not always been held in a climate of trust and mutual understanding.

The blocking of the institutions by the President of the Republic has created a conflict between him and the majority of the elected parliament and led to the installation of a government by the military.

This new situation may be interpreted or presented in a simplistic way if we ignore certain realities. But remember, that:

1 / The majority of the polls in April 2007, both the Parliament and the President of the Republic, was the result of sociological data set in history when military power supported and organized the return to democracy.
2 / The way to govern of the President during his 15 months in office had created inefficiencies in the governance of the State
3 / These have been the object of discontent and protests growing in population and Parliament.
4/The majority in Parliament has challenged the political behaviour of the President, and
the conflict has been unwound by replacing it by a High Council of State headed by the military.

He set up a government of technicians led by Dr. Moulaye, former Ambassador of Mauritania in Brussels and expert from a long time of the European institutions. And this government respects the normal functioning of institutions under the Constitution.

It is therefore desirable and mutually beneficial that beyond the purely legal procedures, the European Union and the Government in place close this period of democratic protests, and this by the organization, as planned in June 2009, of a presidential election transparently and democratically controlled.

 

Charles Ferdinand Nothomb
Minister of State
Vice-President of the MEDEA Institute