October 4 to 8, 2010

Experts are preparing the second UfM summit (Des experts préparent le second sommet de l’UPML’Expression (03/10/2010)

While the Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Union for the Mediterranean should be held, if all goes well in November, experts from the Institute of economic forecasting in the Mediterranean world (IPEMed), which do not want Europe and North Africa continue to see their weight decrease in the international face of American and Asian giants, are waving ideas with the sole ambition to participate in removing obstacles to the construction of the region. Their proposals focus on better integration of the financial area, food security and free movement of people in the Mediterranean.

Should we negotiate with Al-Qa’ida? (Faut-il négocier avec Al Qaeda?) Réalités(04/10/2010)

In response to kidnappings of Westerners in the Sahel region and southern Maghreb Zyed Kirchen questions the two options available to Western governments against Al Qaeda in Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). Force, with the recent death of a hostage, has proved its limits while the payment of ransoms only reinforces these groups and thus the vicious circle of violence. He noted however that jihadism in this region is marginal compared to Iraq or Afghanistan. The author then questions the proselytism of « fat cats » of the Gulf who finances Islamic schools of Wahhabism in the Sahel and southern Maghreb instead of spending their money on the region’s economic development.

Opening of accession negotiations with Turkey to the European Union: 5 years already (Ouverture des négociations d’adhésion de la Turquie à l’Union Européenne: 5 ans déjà…) OVIPOT (04/10/2010)

What conclusions can we draw from the first five years of negotiations for Turkey’s accession to the EU? 13 out of 35 chapters have been opened and only one (science and research) has been closed. The slow pace of negotiations is due to the political and cultural reluctance political of some member states and public opinion to see a country of 76 million people in Muslim majority joined the Union while the Turkish economy displays the 17th world largest GDP with a double digit growth. In addition its new regional power status means, according to some analysts, that EU membership is perhaps less the government’s priority, what contradicts the chief negotiator with the EU, Egemen Baðýþ who reiterated that « the ultimate goal is full membership. »

Al-Qa’ida blamed as western targets hit in Yemen The Independant(07/10/2010)

Suspected al-Qa’ida militants attacked two Western targets in Yemen yesterday, firing a rocket at a British diplomat’s car and killing a Frenchman at a gas and oil installation. Both attacks followed tightened security in the capital of the country whose conflicts with a resurgent al-Qa’ida, secessionists in the south and Shia rebels in the north have raised Western and Gulf Arab fears that it is on the verge of becoming a failed state. Those fears worsened after the Yemen-based arm of al-Qa’ida claimed responsibility for the attempt to bomb a US-bound airliner. Yemen’s population of unemployed youths are seen as potential recruits for Islamist fighters.

Liebermann’s loyalty oath is not unconstitutional; it is unwise Haaretz(08/10/2010)

The proposed amendment to the Citizenship Law doesn’t really add anything to the existing demand that a person seeking to become a naturalized citizen pledge to be « a loyal citizen of the State of Israel. » The proposal lacks emphasis on the state’s obligation to ensure full equality for all its citizens. It is thus problematic, as it would be perceived as open or tacit discrimination against non-Jews. Indeed, the bill would require a pledge of allegiance only of those who want to become citizens, not those who already are citizens. Moreover, discrimination might be claimed if the bill were to exempt Jews who become citizens through the Law of Return from taking the oath.