The Development of Civil Society in Lebanon from the Ottoman Empire to the XXIst century: A driver of political changes?

30 December 2011

Civil Society (also called « third sector ») in Lebanon is certainly one of the most active in the Middle East. Alhtough the civil society. in Lebanon has its roots as far as the sixteenth century during the period of the Princedom of Mount Lebanon (Abou Assi, 2006) the real development of this phenomenon has started during the second part of the Nineteenth century (Karam, 2006, Bennett 1996). The development of Lebanese civil society can be divided into four phases, each marked with noteworthy characteristics

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