11th – 15th June

Historical rivals, Iraq and Iran are becoming closer to the OPEC policy, providing a counterweight to the Arab Gulf led by Saudi Arabia, which have long dominated the cartel. But cordial relations could be severely tested later this year when Iraqi oil production will exceed Iran to become the second of OPEC after Saudi Arabia.

12 persons were killed in tribal clashes in western and southern Libya and 89 wounded in recent days. The National Transitional Council of Libya sent a militia to separate the African tribe of Tabu, the original inhabitants of southern Libya, which were strongly repressed by the Gaddafi regime, and their rivals, the Arab tribe of Zwia. The NTC forces were fired accordingly.

Syria is currently committing crimes against humanity in the name of reason of State to take revenge on communities suspected of supporting the insurgents, declares Amnesty International. They ask for an international response, claiming to have recent evidence that victims, including children, were dragged from their homes and killed by soldiers who, in some cases, burned their bodies.

Officials of the standby force of ECOWAS met in Ivory Coast to plan a military deployment in Mali. This deployment of West African force, known as MICEMA (ECOWAS Mission in Mali), must be imminent but it isn’t satisfy to everyone, including the Prime Minister of the transition, Cheick Modibo Diarra, who has decided to collaborate with Algeria, opposed at the initiative.

The candidate of the Muslim Brotherhood, Mohammed Mursi, and former Prime Minister during the regime of Hosni Mubarak, Ahmed Shafiq, will compete in the run-off for the presidential election. There are a lot of fears that if Shafiq wins, the hope for change will disappear in view of its military past and its promise to end  wild protests by force.