30th July – 3rd August

Building a social project for an entire country is not easy and, until 2000, Morocco did not have any rational approach in this regard. The social initiatives were conducted without coordination, but to remedy this, it has to wait until the launch by Mohammed VI of the Initiative nationale pour le développement humain, in 2005.

U.S. Defense Secretary, Leon Panetta, stresses need a continuous economic and diplomatic pressure on Tehran government. He acknowledged that the various and severe international sanctions have yet to compel Iran to give up its nuclear ambitions, but he argued that more pressure would eventually lead Iran to “do what is right”.

Despite a pledge to stop abuses by its security forces, the government of the tiny Persian Gulf kingdom of Bahrain, led by the Sunni minority, systematically and disproportionately uses tear gas on the Shiite majority, permitting police officers to routinely fire at point-blank range at crowds, homes and vehicles in Shiite neighborhoods.

U.S. Defense Secretary, Leon Panetta, and Jordan’s King, Abdullah II, discussed the question of a political transition in a “post-Bashar al-Assad” future in Syria. Syrian troops opened fire last Thursday on a group of civilians who fled into Jordan, which currently hosts more than 145’000 Syrians, killing a three-year-old child. The conflict in Syria has killed more than 20’000 people since the uprising of the revolt, in March 2011.

Kofi Annan will no longer be the U.N.-League of Arab States Joint Special Envoy for the Syrian crisis: he has abandoned his task describing it as impossible and he has condemned the deadlock of the international community and blamed “finger-pointing and name-calling” at the U.N. Security Council for his departure. Analysts said he failed to wield a vigorous diplomacy necessary to foster a resolution.