09/11/2012

31th October – 7th November

Approximately two years after the jasmines revolution, Tunisia is in front of the difficult duty to write a constitution. The ambiguous attitude of Ennahda, the moderate islamist party, that oscillates between the declaration of the respect for democratic liberal values and the opening to the ultraconservative Islamist party, provokes the reactions of the liberal opposition. Such tensions fit inside the most ample debate about the role of Islam and the relation between its and democracy.

 

The risks of internationalization of the Syrian conflict distinguish it from the Libyan situation and offer a useful point of view to explain attitudes of several powers regarding a possible intervention. Indeed, the geopolitical importance of the Syrian conflict is not limited to its regionalization but it has strategic effects on all Middle East and on the balance of power in the Arab world. The relations which Syria maintains with Russia, Qatar and Iran are complex and they fit into a frame of  indisputable international effects. At the same time the different positions assumed by Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Iran in Syria can be read as an attempt to assume leadership in the Arab world.

 

From the days after the attempt of Bengasi, the American Special Forces were sent to the Mediterranean Sea, but several considerations hold the American action: the identity of the people  responsible, the political implications of the operation, the legal cover and the impact of the electoral duel between Obama and Romney.

 

Since its beginning the constituting Egyptian processes was characterized for the debate between Islamists and laical. The most crisis points are: women rights, the constitutional court independence, freedom of speech and religion, and the president powers. But especially the article 2 which determines the country identity and the position of the Islamic law in the legal order. In this context, the role of the Muslim Brotherhood, between the opposite positions of salafists and laymen, becomes determining.

 

The Israel announcement about the revival of housing program in East of Jerusalem arrives exactly the day of the American presidential election. In this way Israel makes sure to have « a wide immunity in terms of international condemnation» and expands the colonization before that the elections result can change the Israeli-American relations. In front of the tacit approval of the European countries, the Palestinian authority decides to demand the rights of return of the Palestinian people before the UNO.

 

While the battle between national strengths and rebels continuous to steep the Syria in blood, the British Prime Minister David Cameron asserts that only the departure of president Bashar al-Assad from the country can end the civil war. On Tuesday, the meeting between Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Syrian Prime Minister, in Jordan, concluded in a total disagreement: the Syrian opposition is not inclined to start negotiating with the regime, as proposed by Russia. Meanwhile the UN special envoy Brahimi speaks about the danger of  «somalization» of de conflict.