02/07/2015

Attacks in Tunisia, Kuwait and France

The last attacks, which have struck Kuwait, Tunisia and France nearly simultaneously, reminds us that Daesh is still dangerous and its operational capabilities are always present both in the Middle East and in Europe.

In Tunisia the attack hit the tourism sector in Sousse on a beach by making 38 dead and 39 wounded according to the latest report of the Tunisian authorities. The attack was perpetrate by a Tunisian student of 23 years identified by Tunisian security forces as Seifeddine Rezgui. The latter opened fire on tourists along the beach in front of the Imperial Marhaba hotel. This attack followed the bombing of the Bardo Museum perpetrated March 18, 2015.

In Kuwait a Shiite Mosque was targeted by a Saudi member of Daesh. Current appraisal reported 27 dead. This attack reminds us that Gulf region is no longer a protected area and its apparent stability can be challenged at any time by Daesh which until recently had a special convenience with the Gulf monarchies through private support and funding or donations. These donations or private funding are highly difficult to trace due to the opacity of these regimes. Before the attack against the Shiite mosque in Kuwait who made 27 dead; there had been anti Shiites attacks in Saudi Arabia on 22nd and 29th of May.  These attacks are currently aggravating sectarian tensions between Sunni and Shiite and increasing the risk of destabilization toward these states. « This attack undermines the modus vivendi between the communities in Kuwait, which is an extremely fragile country in terms of security, » according to the Lebanese newspaper L’Orient-Le Jour.

On June 29, two days after the attacks of Sousse and Kuwait, France have been under attack as well, on its soil in Saint-Quentin-Fallavier in Isère in a chemical plant in a remoted area. The attack killed the plant manager who was beheaded by the alleged terrorist Yassin Salhi. According to the French prosecutor « The procedure and methods use during this attack matches exactly the operation procedures of Daesh ». France is undergoing its second wave of attack after those perpetrated on January 7th against the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebo and supermarket Hyper Kosher since its participation in the international coalition against Daesh.

We shall recall that an umpteenth attack took place in Yemen’s capital Sanaa, a few days after the three attacks in Tunisia, Kuwait and France. The last balance sheet reported 28 dead who were Shiite Houthi rebels oppressed by Saudi Arabia, Daesh claimed responsibility for this attack.

This series of attacks reminds that the terrorist threat has become more diffuse and erratic. The great strength of Daesh lies in its ability mobilized « lone wolves » who lent allegiance to him and are prepared to act alone on their behalf. These people are indoctrinated on the Net, and they will not hesitate to strike, after acquiring the procedures on jihadist’s forums. This makes their monitoring and stalk more difficult for the security and intelligence services.

Daesh and his fighters have capitalized on the digital revolution: to recruit new followers to spread his message so massively shocked the opinions and attract new candidates through social networks. These attacks have occurred for various reasons in the country above-mentioned. In Tunisia Daesh intended to destabilize the local economy based on tourism and gradually create a climate of fear and tension thus causing chaos which destabilize the state on the medium and long terms.

Kuwait and Yemen, were targeted because they hosted an important Shiite community. Hence for radical Sunni like Daesh, Shiites represent « Kafir » (infidel) who must, according to them, be eliminated.

Daesh initiated a broad strategy to destabilize the Middle East, 1- striking Shiites, Arab non-Muslim minorities such as Christians, Yezidi and Kurds; 2- prospering on chaos and vacuum state, allowing it to gain ground. This strategy of destabilization and terror imposed by Daesh, serves to extend the reign of hatred, fear and ignorance in his so-called mystified caliphate.