The EU Strategic Partnership with the Mediterranean and the Middle East (SPMME):  A Forgotten Initiative towards a Comprehensive and Consistent EU Multilateral Approach vis-à-vis the Arab States

by Mohamed Riyad M. Almosly

A consistent approach in the European Union (EU) external relations preserves its credibility in the world and makes it a more effective international actor (Lannon, 2015: 82). To avoid any fragmentation in this respect, Article 21(3) of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) provides that “The Union shall ensure consistency between the different areas of its external action and between these and its other policies. The Council and the Commission, assisted by the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy [HRVP], shall ensure that consistency and shall cooperate to that effect” Read more