Conventional name: Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria (Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza’iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Shabiyah)

Etymology: from the name of the capital, Alger. In Arabic, Al-Djazâ’ir, «the islands», denotes the group of islands that Barberousse united to the city in 1517. Al-Djazâ’iris nowadays in Arabic the name of the capital and the country. The French name of Algérie was installed in 1839 by Antoine Scheider, war Minister in the «country in the North of Africa occupied by French. »

Capital: Algiers.

Administrative Divisions: 48 Provinces (wilaya/s).

Surface area: 2,381,740 km² second largest country in Africa after Sudan.

Comparison with a European country: 10 times the size of the UK (or 2/3 of the whole EU).

Population (2008 est.): 35,370,000

Population Density (2008): 15 inhabitants/km²

Young people (under 15 Years Old) (200 est.): 28%

Population growth (2006 est.): 1.22%

Fecundity rate (2006 est.): 1.89

Life expectancy (2008 est.): 72

Infant mortality (2006 est.): 29.87 deaths/ 1,000 live births

Urban Population: 63% (2008)

Literacy Rate (2003): Men: 78.8%; women: 61%

Language: Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects

Religions: Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish (1%)

Ethnic background: Arabs and Berbers (99%), European less than 1%

HDI (Human Development Indicator, UNDP figures 2009): within the 173 countries selected Algeria is ranked the 104 (middle development rate, 0.754)

Currency: Algerian Dinar (AD) (1 US $ = 73.276 Algerian dinars, 2005)

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (2005 est.): 86.37 billion US$

GDP Per Capita (2008 est.): 7,940 US $

Annual growth: 6% (2005 est.)

Unemployment rate (2005 est.): 22.5%

Labour Force by Economic Sector of Activity (2003 est.): agriculture 14%, Industry 13.4%, construction and public works 10%, trade 14.6%, government 32%, other 16%

Exports (2005 est.): US $ 49.59 billion f.o.b.

Imports (2005 est.): US $ 22.53 billion f.o.b.

Major Trading Partners: imports: France (30.3%), Italy (8.2%), Germany (6.5%), Spain (5.5%), US (5.2%), China (5.1%), Turkey (4.3%) exports: US (22.6%), Italy (17.2%), France (11.4%), Spain (10.1%), Canada (7.5%), Brazil (6.1%), Belgium (4.6%) (2004)

Main agricultural products: wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle.

Major Export Products: petroleum, natural gas and petroleum products 97%

Major Import Products: capital foods, foodstuffs, consumer goods

Total External Debt (2005): 21.54 billion US $

Independence: 5th July 1962 from France.

Member of UN: 1962

Member i.a. of: League of Arab States, Maghreb Arab Union, W.T.O., Islamic Conference Organization

Parties to i.a. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), Chemical Weapons Convention (CWP), OPEC

State nature: Unitary republic

Regime nature: Presidential, the army plays an important role

Head of State (President): Abdelaziz Bouteflika (since 28 April 1999)

Prime Minister: Abdelmalek Sellal (since 3 September 2012)

Minister for Foreign Affairs: Mourad Meldeci

Ministry of Interior: Dahou Ould Kablia

Sources (figures): CIA World Factbook 2006, Arab german Consulting (,  the Population reference Bureau (