JORDAN

Flag_of_Jordan.svg

Official name: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah)

Etymology: from the arabic Al-Ourdoun, (the river Jordan)

Capital: Amman

Area: 91.860 km²

Comparison to a European Country: almost the size of Portugal

 

Population (2011 est.): 6 508 887

Density (2011 est.) : 70,5 habitants/km²

Youth (less than 15 years) ( 2011 est.) : 35,3%

Annual population growth rate (2011 est.): 2,41%

Fertility Index (2011 est.): 3,39

Life expectancy (2011 est.):  80,05

Infant mortality (2011 est.):  16,42 %o

Urban population (2010): 79%

Illiteracy Rates (2005): hommes 4,9%, femmes 15,3 %

Ethnic Groups: Arabs 98%, Circassians 1%, Armenians 1%

Religions: Muslims 94% (mostly sunni) and Christians (all the rites) 6%

Official Language: Arabic – Other: English

HDI (Human Development Index) ( UNDP 2011) : among 177 countries Jordan is ranked in 95th position (index 0,698 of average development)

Currency: Jordanian Dinar (1 euro = 0,92 dinar, on 24.01.2012)

Total GDP (2011 est.): $ 29’230’000’000

GDP per capita (2011 est.) : 6000 $

Annual growth: (2010 est.) : 3,1%

Labor force by sector of activity (2010 est.) : services 65,3%, manufacturing 30,3%, agriculture 4,4%

Unemployment Rate (2011 est.): 12,3%

Inflation Rate (2011) : 6,4%

Industry: phosphate exploitation, oil refinery, cement, potassium, light manufacturing, tourism.

Agricultural products : wheat, barley, citrus fruits, tomatoes, melons, olives, goat, sheep, poultry.

Export(2010 est.): 7 333 billions $

Import (2010 est.): 1297  billions $

Leading trade partners: Export: Iraq 15,3%, US 14,7%, India 12,5%, Saudi Arabia 9,6%, Lebanon 4,4% – Import: Saudi Arabia 22,4%, China 10,6%, US 6,2%, Italy 5,1%, Germany 4,2%, Egypt 4,1%

Main export products: clothing, fertiliser, potassium, phosphates, vegetables, pharmaceuticals

Main import products: crude oil, machines, transport material, iron, cereals

Total external debt (2011) : 1746 milliards $

Independence day: 25 May 1946 (under British mandate since 1920)

Member of the United Nations: 1955

Regime nature: Monarchy

Government form: Constitutional and parliamentary, multi-party system

Head of State (King): ABDULLAH II (Since 7 February 1999). The Hashemites are descendants of the Prophet (like in Morocco).

Crown Prince: HAMZAH (half-sibling of the King)

Prime Minister: Abdullah Ensour

Minister of Interior: Hussein El Majali

Minister of Foreign Affairs: Nasser Judeh

Main Political Parties: Islamic Action Front Party, Jordanian Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party, Jordanian Communist Party, Jordanian Democratic People’s Party, National Constitutional Party

Main daily newspapers: in Arabic: Ad-Dustour (100,000) / Ar-Rai (90,000); in English: Jordan Times (15,000)

Military data: National Army (2010) : 175’500 – Military expenses in GDP percentage (2006) : 8,6%

Recent events

Starting on January 2011, thousands of Jordanians have been organizing demonstrations in Amman and in the other main cities of Jordan to pressure for political reforms and protesting against the government’s corruption, the raise of prices, the endemic poverty and the high level of unemployment. In response, King Abdallah II has replaced the Prime Minister and formed two commissions: one to propose the jordanian political parties some specific reforms of the electoral and political laws, the other to examinate limited constitutional amendments. Nonetheless, many demonstrators continue to protest against the authority of the King and the corruption of the government. In September 2011, a royal decree has approved the limited constitutional amendments adopted by the Parliament aiming to strengthen a more independent judicial system, the creation of a constitutional court and the electoral commission to supervise the next administrative and political elections. In October 2011 King Abdallah II has rejected the jordanian government and has replaced the Prime Minister in response to the general disappointment of the people because of the criticism over the government’s performance and the alleged implication of the Prime Minister in a case of corruption. Abdullah Ensour is Prime Minister since 11 October 2012.

 

Sources: CIA World Factbook 2011, Arab Human Development Report 2009, l’Etat du Monde 2010 (La Decouve