KUWAIT

Conventional Name: State of Kuwait (Dawlat al Kuwayt)

Etymology: from the arabic al-kuwayt, diminutive form of kût «fortress», refering to the existance in the area of a Portuguese defensive post in the sixteenth century

Capital: Kuwait City

Surface area: 17.818 km²

Comparison with a European country : 1/2 of Belgium

Administrative Divisions: 5 governorates (muhafazah/muhafazat)

Population (2011): 2 687000 whereas 55% foreigners (before the Iraqi occpuation, Kuwaitis represented 27% of the total population of the Emirate)

Population Density (2011): 148.5 inhabitants/km²

Young people under 15 Years Old (2011): 25.8%

Annual population growth (2011): 1.986%

Fecundity rate (2011): 2,64

Life expectancy (2011) : 77.09

Infant mortality (2011): 10,26%o

Urban population (2011): 98%

Analphabétisme rate (2007): hommes 5,6% ; femmes 9,0 %

Ethnic background: Kuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%

Religions: Muslim 85% (Sunni 79%, Shia Muslims 21%), Christian, Hindu, Parsi, and other 15%

Language: Arabic (official), English widely spoken.

HDI (Human Development Indicator, 2007): within the 177 countries selected in the report Kuwait is ranked 33 (rate 0.891, high development level)

Currency: 1 Kuwaiti dinar (KD) = 1,000 fils (1 dinar= 3.50 €uro, 31.05.2002)

Nominal Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (2011) :  $ 176’700’000’000

G.D.P. per capita (2011) : 42’200 $

Annual growth: 3,6 % (1994-2004) – 2 % (2010)

Unemployment Rate (2003): 2.1%

Industries: Petroleum, petrochemicals, desalination, construction materials

Agriculture products: potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, gherkins, aubergines

Exports (2011): 6696 billions US $

Imports (2011): 1906 billions US $

Major Trading Partners: Japan, US, Germany, Saudi arabia, Italy, United Kingdom

Major Export Products : oil and refined products, fertilizers.

Major Import Products: food, construction materials, clothing

Total External Debt: 4543 billions US $

Year of independence: 19 June 1961 (from UK)

Admitted in the United Nations in: 1963.

Member i.a. of : League of Arab States, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC), League of Arab States, World Trade Organisation (WTO)

Parties to i.a. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), Chemical Weapons Convention (CWP).

State nature: Emirate

Regime nature: Monarchy

Head of State (Amir): JABIR al-Ahmad al-Jaber AL-SABAH (since 1977)

Prime Minister:  al-Ahmad al-Jabir AL-SABAH (since 13 July 2003)

Minister for Foreign Affairs: al-Ahmad AL-SABAH (brother of the Amir).

Sources (figures): L’Etat du Monde 2003 (La Découverte), CIA World Factbook 2011, Arab Human Development Report 2002, l’Etat du Monde 2007 (La Découverte)