Cedar Revolution

On September 3, 2004, the extension of Emile Lahoud’s mandate until 2007 after a vote by the Lebanese Parliament under Syrian pressure triggered the Cedar Revolution.

The Cedar Revolution is a multicultural revolution that brings together Christians, Druze and Sunni. The main demands of this opposition, led by Walid Jumblatt, the Druze leader, is the truth about the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri on February 14, 2005 – the departure of Lebanese leaders could not, according to the opposition, were related to this attack – and a total departure of Syrian troops, including the heads of the intelligence services.

On March 8, parties pro-syriens Amal and Hezbollah are organizing a counter demonstration. Six days later, on March 14, one million Lebanese gather to oppose the presence and Syrian influence in their country.

In late April 2005, the Syrian troops leave Lebanese territory, including the Bekaa. But despite the physical withdrawal, Syria remains influential in Lebanese politics.

Following these events alliances were formed within the Lebanese Parliament under the names Movement on March 14 and the Movement of March 8. The first represented the majority and support the government of Fouad Siniora, while the second contest legitimacy.