LEBANON

Conventional name: Republic of Lebanon

Etymology: from lubnân, Arabic name of the Lebanon Mount, meaning « the white mountain »

Capital: Beirut

Surface area: 10.452 Km²

Comparison with an European country : about 1/4 des Pays-Bas

Population (2012): 4’140’289

Density (2011): 398.1  inhabitants/km²

Young people under 15 years (est. 2011): 23%

Growth rate (2011): 0.244%

Fecundity rate (2011) : 1.77

Life expectancy (2011):  75.1

Infant mortality (2011): 15.85%o

Urban population (2010) : 87%

Illiteracy rate (2007): men 6,9%, women 17,8%

Ethnic groups: Arabs 95%, Armenians 4%

Religions: Sunnite muslims: 22% – Shiite muslims: 25% – Druzes : 8% – Christians (all rites) : 41%

Official language: Arabic

HDI (Human Development Index) (2008) : within the 177 countries selected Lebanon is ranked 88 (rate 0,772, medium development)

Currency: Lebanese Pound (1000 LPound=0,42 Euro, on the 15.7.2008)

Total G.D.P (2011): $ 39’040’000’000

G.D.P. per capita (2011): 15’700$

Annual growth (2010): 7.5%

Unemployment rate: unknown

Inflation (2011): 5.2%

Industry: banking; food processing; jewelry; cement; textiles; mineral and chemical products; wood and furniture products; oil refining; metal fabricating

Agricultural products: citrus, grapes, tomatoes, apples, vegetables, potatoes, olives, tobacco; sheep, goats

Exports(2010): 5’466 millions $

Imports (2010) : 1773 millions $

Main trade partners: Exports: Saudi Arabia, UAE, Switzerland, US, France, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Syria; Imports: Italy, France, Germany, US, Switzerland, Chine, Syria, UK

Main export products: foodstuffs and tobacco, textiles, chemicals, precious stones, metal and metal products, electrical equipment and products, jewelry, paper and paper products

Main import products: foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, consumer goods, chemicals, textiles, metals, fuels, agricultural foods

Total external debt (2000): 3’045 million $

Independence year: 1943 (from the French Mandate)

Member of United Nations: 1945

State system: unitary republic on community basis (see Taef Agreements)

Regime system: Parliamentary

Chief of state: Michel Sleiman (since 25 may 2008)

Prime Minister: Saad Hariri

Main newspapers: in Arabic: An-Nahar (80.000) / Al-Anwar (75.000) / Al-Liwa (75.000) / As-Safir (50.000) ; in English: The Daily Star (10.000) ; in French: L’Orient-Le Jour (20.000) / Le Soir (15.000)