OMAN

Conventional Name: Sultanate of Oman (Saltanat Uman)

Capital: Muscat.

Surface area: 212.457 km² (according to other sources 300.000 Km²)

Comparison with a European country : about the size of Italy.

Administrative Divisions: 6 regions (mintaqah/mintaqat) and 2 governorates (muhafazah/muhafazat)

Population (2012) : 3’090’150 habitants

Population Density (2012) : 14.5 habitants/km²

Young people under 15 Years Old (2011): 31.2%

Annual population growth (2011) : 2.023%

Fecundity rate (2011): 2.87

Life expectancy (2011): 74.22

Infant mortality (2011): 15,47‰

Urban population (2007): 73%

Illiteracy rate (2007): hommes 13,2% ; femmes 26,5%

Ethnic background : Arabs are 99% of the nationals

Religions : Muslim 75% (of whom three quarters belongs to the Ibadi sect and the other third to the Sunni branch of Islam), Hindu 25%.

Language: Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu,

HDI (Human Development Indicator, UNDP 2007): within the 177 countries selected in the report Oman is ranked 58 (rate 0,814, high development)

Gross Domestic Product (2007) 40 923 millions $

GDP per capita (2007): 16 862 $

Currency: 1 Omani Rial (OR) = 1.000 Baiza (1 rial = 2.77 €uros, 31.05.2002)

Annual growth: (2010) : 4.2%

Industries: crude oil production and refining, natural gas production, construction, cement, copper.

Agriculture products: dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa

Major Export Products : petroleum, reexports, fish, textiles

Major Import Products: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, livestock

Major Trading Partners: UAE, Thailand, Japan, China, South Korea, UK

Total External Debt (2003): 7,921 billion US $

Year of independence : 1971

Date of UN Membership : 1971.

Member i.a. of: League of Arab States, Gulf Cooperation Council, Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) , W.T.O.

Parties to i.a. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), Chemical Weapons Convention (CWP).

State nature: Sultanate

Regime nature : absolute monarchy

Head of State: Sultan QABOOS bin Said AL-SAID.

Prime Minister: QABOOS bin Said AL-SAID.

Minister for Foreign Affairs and Defence: QABOOS bin Said AL-SAID.

Minister of Interior: Ali bin Hammoud bin Ali al-Bousaïdi

Sources (figures): L’Etat du Monde 2003 (La Découverte), CIA World Factbook 2004, Arab Human Development Report 2002.