QATAR

Conventional Name: State of Qatar (Dawlat Qatar)

Capital: Doha

Surface area: 11.437 km²

Comparison with a European country: 1/3 of Belgium

Administrative Divisions: 9 municipalities (baladiyah / baladiyat)

Population (2011): 1’951’591 inhabitants

Population density (2012): 170.6  inhabitants /km²

Young people under 15 Years Old (2006): 23.4%

Annual population growth (2007): 5,9 %

Fecundity rate (2000-2005): 3,03

Life expectancy (2000-2005) : 72,7

Infant mortality (2007): 11,6 %o

Urban population(2007): 92,3%o

Illiteracy rate (2007): men 10.9% ; women 11.4%

Language: Arabic (official), Persian and English.

Ethnic background: Arab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%. Religions: Sunni Muslims: 95% Shia Muslims : 10%, mainly Wahhabi persuasion

HDI (Human Development Indicator, UNDP 2008): within the 177 countries selected in the report, Qatar is ranked 35 (rate 0.875, high development level)

Currency: 1 Qatari riyal (QAR) = 100 Dirhams (1 US $= 3.64 qatari riyal 2005)

Gross Domestic Product (2007): 25 010 millions US $  GDP Per Capita (2007): 31 397 US $

Annual growth: (1994 – 2004) : 9,4 % – (2005) : 5,5 %

Unemployment Rate (2011): 0.4%

Industries: crude oil production and refining, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel, cement, commercial trip repair

Agricultural products: fruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy products, beef, fish

Exports(2007): 24 386 million US$

Imports (2007 est.): 9 110 millions US$

Major Trading Partners: exports: Japan (41.9%), South Korea (15.8%), Singapore (9.1%), India (5.4%); imports: France (26.6%), US (9.5%), Saudi Arabia (9.4%), UAE (6.3%), Germany (5.2%), Japan (5.2%), UK (5.1%) (2004)

Total External Debt (2005 est.): 20.62 billion US $

Major Export Products : Liquified natural gaz, petroleum products 2/3, fertilizers, steel

Major Import Products: Machinery and transport equipment, food, chemicals.

Year of independence: 3 september 1971 from the UK.

Admitted in the United Nations in: 1971.

Member i.a. of : League of Arab States, Gulf Cooperation Council, W.T.O., Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC)

Parties to i.a. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), Chemical Weapons Convention (CWP).

State nature: Emirate

Regime nature: Absolute monarchy

Head of State (Amir): Cheikh Tamim bin Khalifa bin Hamad al-Thani (since 2013), also Minister of Defense

Chief of government and Minister of Interior: Abdallah ben Nasser ben Khalifa al-Thani (since June 26,  2013)

Minister for Foreign Affairs: Khaled al-Attiyah

Sources (figures): L’Etat du Monde 2003 (La Découverte), CIA World Factbook 2004, Arab Human Development Report 2002 (PNUD).