Analyses 2011

  • 2011122323/12/2011
    The Development of Civil Society in Lebanon from the Ottoman Empire to the XXIst century: A driver of political changes?
    The Development of Civil Society in Lebanon from the Ottoman Empire to the XXIst century: A driver of political changes? Civil Society (also called "third sector") in Lebanon is certainly one of the most active in the Middle East. Alhtough the civil society in Lebanon has its roots as far as the sixteenth century during the period of the Princedom of Mount Lebanon (Abou Assi, 2006) the real development of this phenomenon has started during the second part of the Nineteenth century (Karam, 2006, Bennett 1996). The development of Lebanese civil society can be divided into four phases, each marked with noteworthy characteristics.
  • 2011052525/05/2011
    Libya: history of a failed revolution 1969 – 2011
      Professor Bichara Khader CERMAC, Université Catholique de Louvain bichara.khader@uclouvain.be   Introduction In light of the geography, Libya is a vast territory, more than three times that f France. But its population is only the 10th of that of France with a little more than 6.2 million people. This is understandable when we know that...
  • 2011052020/05/2011
    Young people: drivers of the Arab democratic protests
      Prof.Bichara KHADER Cermac-UCL-Belgium   Since the start of 2011, the Arab World is shaken by popular demonstrations for freedom, dignity and employment. Two Heads of state, in Tunisia and Egypt, have already been ousted, one fleeing abroad and the other to face a court ordeal. Other Heads of State are white with fear on...
  • 2011040606/04/2011
    Libya: a premature revolution facing ferocious regime
    Professor Bichara Khader CERMAC – UCL   Quite clearly, the wind blowing across the Arab Word is shaking all the countries of the region. Be it a Republic or a Kingdom, poor or rich, small or big, all the Arab states are confronted to an angered people calling for liberty, dignity and employment. The wave appears unstoppable:...
  • 2011010707/01/2011
    Fascinating Tunisia, Astonishing Tunisia
    by Prof. Bichara Khader Director of the Center for Studies and Research on the Contemporary Arab World Catholic University of Louvain     Who could have anticipated such shake-up? Who could have dared hope, only three months ago, that the Tunisian people was able to bring to its knees an execrate regime, whose stability and solidity had been preached...