Edito 2012

  • 2012121111/12/2012
    State of Palestine: an « absurdistan » of the international law
    65 years after the vote of the United Nations General Assembly’s Partition Plan, on November 29th 1947, which lauded a Jewish State, an Arabic State and an international zone for Jerusalem’s holy places. The Palestine that saw the light on November 29 has greatly shrunken. Around 140 countries supported the General Assembly’s resolution proposed by president Mahmoud Abbas for the recognition as a non-member observer State of the organization. A second best offer – regardless of the media uproar - if we keep in mind the Palestinian failure of last year in view of the threat of the American veto. Can one speak of an act of historic importance in spite of the reality on the ground which is more blocked than ever?
  • 2012112929/11/2012
    Pillars of perplexity
    Eight days and sleepless nights elapsed with images of murdered and wounded children and civilians being posted over social media networks. “Gaza is under attack” was the first post I read on November 14th 2012 to confirm my expectations about an Israeli military operation in Gaza. When I knew that Israel dubbed this attack “Operation Pillar of Cloud,” I wondered about the “creativity” of the name but chose not to think much of the naming and focus instead on the destruction this operation was inflecting on my hometown.
  • 2012112323/11/2012
    View of a researcher coming from Gaza on what is happening
    “Gaza is under attack” was the first post I read on November 14th 2012. Eight days elapsed with images of murdered children and civilians. Israel dubbed this attack “Operation Pillar of Cloud”. I was glued on Al Jazeera’s live streaming. Each time Al Jazeera broadcasted a new bombardment, I closely examined the images with the fear to see remnants of my parents’ house in Gaza or the face of my father or my mother sticking out of the rubble. Yet, there was too much destruction to be able to tell the location these attacks and each time, I had to call my mother to make sure they are unharmed.
  • 2012110909/11/2012
    Israel vs. Iran: a victory of Obama which will not settle Netanyahu
    As if the history repeats it again with regular intervals and with few weeks from distance, the threat of an Israeli intervention against Iran, the day before the American elections this week, has spread a little more still confusion in regional chancelleries and in all international community.
  • 2012110505/11/2012
    Return after the Third meeting of the Mediterranean Citizens’ Assembly in Volos (Greece)
    The Third meeting of the Mediterranean Citizens’ Assembly was held on October the 26th and 27th in Volos (Greece), on the theme "Changes in the Mediterranean, the dynamics of the Mediterranean Citizens’ Circles and the future of the ACM".
  • 2012091414/09/2012
    The anger of the Islamic world: the war against the Western is declared?
    The last 11th September, the release on Internet of the film “Innocence of Muslims” has provoked the anger of thousands of Muslims across the Arab world. There were violent protests in Egypt and Libya, which had a tragic end: in Benghazi, gunmen attacked the US consulate and US ambassador, Chris Stevens, and three diplomatic officials were...
  • 2012083131/08/2012
    Israel: the declared non-diplomacy
    According to the Israeli government, the terrorists who attacked, on 5th August, a border guard station in northern Sinai, killing 16 Egyptian soldiers, would seek to further destabilize the Middle East. Their intention was to hit hard the Egyptian regime and to question the peace agreement between Israel and Egypt, causing a general change in...
  • 2012082424/08/2012
    Civil war is settling in Syria with no prospect of an end
    Syrian civil war continues to rage since the beginning of protests in March 2011. The number of victims is estimated at 23,000 now, according to the Syrian Observatory of Human Rights, not to mention thousands of refugees in Turkey and neighbouring countries. The battles of Damascus and Aleppo are continuing, but the alawite government of...
  • 2012080303/08/2012
    Egypt: a new government, waiting for a new constitution
    The Egyptian constitution was adopted on 11th September 1971 after a referendum and amended several times (1980, 2005 and 2007), but on 13th February 2011 it was temporarily suspended by the military following the “Nile Revolution”. A commission to reform the constitution, chaired by Tarek El-Bishry and composed of eight judges, was set up on...
  • 2012072727/07/2012
    The new political course of Ennahda and institutional reforms in Tunisia
    Since early 2012, Tunisia hosted more than two million tourists, representing an increase of 40% over the previous year. This increase is due to the internal stability brought by the new political and social action of the Tunisian government, determined to stand out from the practices the previous regime, led by Zine El Abidine Ben...
  • 2012072020/07/2012
    Has the battle of Damascus begun?
    Is The regime of Bashar al-Assad losing ground against these opponents? Is The situation in Syria going to switch? These questions can be raised in the view of the events of this week. If the regular Syrian army until recently seemed much more powerful than the Syrian Free Army, the latest events seem indeed demonstrate a change in this balance of power. Will this rebalancing precipitate the end of the regime of Bashar or conversely, a repetition of violence? Although, at present, the answer to this question remains unknown, it is clear that the future of Bashar Al-Assad at the head of Syria seems increasingly unlikely.
  • 2012071313/07/2012
    Elections in Libya: the first step towards the forming of a democracy
    Last Saturday, for the first time since 1964, about 3 million Libyans have been called to vote for the election of the Constituent Assembly. However, elections have not taken place in all regions of the Country since the Electoral Commission had requested the closure of 101 polling stations due to sabotage or security problems, while...
  • 2012070606/07/2012
    The Algerian government is celebrating the fiftieth anniversary of independence with pomp but mostly with indifference
    The 5th of July 2012 marks the fiftieth anniversary of the independence of Algeria, after 132 years of French colonization and a decolonization war which has made nearly 400,000 deaths, according to the most realistic estimations. International press, both French than Arab, does little echo of this anniversary. Never mind, the government decided to hold great festivities throughout the year which will cost, according to Le Figaro, nearly € 2 billion.
  • 2012062929/06/2012
    Syria: will Turkish-Syrian crisis be the turning point?
    Since the outbreak of the “Arab Spring”, the UN estimates that the victims’ number of the conflict in Syria is more than 10 000 dead. China, U.S., U.K. and France are trying to avoid this number to increase by proposing the establishment of a transitional government. However, Syrian President, Bashar al-Assad, doesn’t intend to leave...
  • 2012062222/06/2012
    Egyptian uncertainty
    In Egypt, presidential elections were held but the winner isn’t still known, while ousted President Hosni Mubarak would be between life and death. After the vote count, a judicial source said that Mohamed Morsi got the victory: indeed, the Muslim Brotherhood candidate would beat Ahmed Shafik, the last Prime minister under the Mubarak regime, winning...
  • 2012061414/06/2012
    Tunisia: the crisis of violence between the Salafis and the politico-religious project of Ennahda
    Currently, Tunisia is taken hostage by a terrible political and social tension: part of the Tunisian population is the subject of a genuine process of religious radicalization and this can’t fail to inspire fear. In addition, security forces don’t seem to have guidelines on how to intervene, as in the case of the appearance of...
  • 2012060505/06/2012
    Lebanon: situation still under control despite the risk of “contagion”
    In last May, clashes between Sunni and Alawite militia left at least four victims in Tripoli during a demonstration organized by them to express their solidarity with the Syrian government and denouncing foreign interference in Syria. According to Alawi, such interference is designed to encourage Sunni monarchies of the Persian Gulf in toppling the regime...
  • 2012052929/05/2012
    Syria: humanitarian catastrophe and impotence of diplomacy
    According to the report of the United Nations (UN) on the Syrian crackdown, from March 2011 until last May there were nearly 10,000 deaths as a result of the conflict and thousands of cases of violations of human rights. The majority of war crimes were committed by military forces of the Syrian army and, in...
  • 2012052222/05/2012
    The “new” Algeria and the Arab Spring in failure?
    Legislative elections in Algeria of last 10th May, valid for the election of 462 members of the People’s National Assembly, saw the participation of 42.36% of the total population. The National Liberation Front (FLN) won 220 seats and, added to the 68 won by the National Rally for Democracy, formed a wing of the FLN,...
  • 2012051515/05/2012
    The Jordanian mystery
    On 18 April 2012, Jordan’s King Abdullah II was the guest of the European Parliament, after a series of meetings with the European Union, during which he highlighted the progress made by his country for democratization, stressing the reform of the Constitution and the parliamentary elections. Pending elections, the Jordanian people hope that the king...
  • 2012050404/05/2012
    Early Elections in Israel: a dangerous year? No risk
    The decision of Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, to call early elections in Israel, probably on 4th September is put into perspective a national context which is always more favourable day by day. Indeed, the current Prime Minister always rises, according to Haaretz, 48% of Israelis who believe it is the best candidate at his...
  • 2012050202/05/2012
    Egypt under tension at one month of primary ballot
    Egypt lives a critical moment in its modern history, one year after the Revolution and at few weeks of a presidential election watched by the entire Arab world and the entire international community with one question in mind: will the Egyptian democratic transition succeed and will it return to be the model student of the...
  • 2012040606/04/2012
    The state of Gaza’blockade after the first regional geopolitical transformations
    Only connected to the rest of the world through two entry points strictly controlled by Israel, Erez, on the israeli side, and Rafah on the Egyptian side, Gaza is an entrenched and impoverished territory since the blockade imposed by Israel in 2007. Two years after the Israeli withdrawal, the decision made in Tel Aviv followed the violent takeover by Hamas of the Gaza Strip. Since then, Israel has tightened the noose reducing the number of truckloads of food from 12,350 per month before the blockade, to 4,000 in 2010. Since then, Gaza continues the records of all kinds: 40% unemployment, 80% of the population lives below the poverty line, less than $ 2 per day.
  • 2012040404/04/2012
    Tunisia in front of democratic experience (bis)
    Tunisia in front of the democratic experience, it is the title of the conference organized by the European Parliament of Brussels on March 20th of this year in association with ambitious associations such as the CCMO, MEDEA and the Assembly of the Citizens of the Mediterranean Sea (ACM). A conference on Tunisia comment revolution. This...
  • 2012030909/03/2012
    Morocco, a democratic transition in depth the French press cannot see
    Within this political disorder across the Maghreb and the Mashreq, there are few examples of slow peaceful democratic transitions. Morocco is one of them. But unlike some sex cases identified in Marrakech or some recent political-economic arrangements between Paris and Rabat, the press made little echo of it.
  • 2012030202/03/2012
     »Democracy Is the Solution »
    The visit in Brussels of Alaa al Aswany in the framework of the book fair (Foire du Livre) and of the literary meetings "Mondes Arabes" at the Halles de Schaerbeek gives us the opportunity to take a look at the state of the democratic transition in Egypt. The Egyptian author, champion of democracy for years already, is very optimistic, although it recognizes that the route change will be long. But he said the main thing is that the barrier of fear has been transcended, there won’t be steps back no more.
  • 2012022424/02/2012
    The Syrian deadlock
    While the bombs are still falling in some districts of Homs, repression becomes increasingly violent and opposition becomes increasingly armed and determined. More than sixty countries are represented in Tunis, Friday, Feb. 24, for a meeting " Friends of Syria "who wishes to define a plan of international humanitarian assistance to the Syrian people and intensify pressure on Damascus. The meeting will probably appeal the ruling regime in Damascus to implement a cease-fire and allow access for humanitarian agencies to populations in distress, especially in Homs. It will also urge the opposition, fragmented, to unite and come together.
  • 2012021717/02/2012
    The EU-Israel relations and the inconsistencies of European foreign policy
    Facing the Arab spring, the EU has repeatedly stressed its willingness to promote the respect of human rights as an essential foundation for future Arab democracies under construction. But what about its relations with Israel? The launch this week of the joint report of Aprodev and the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network (EMHRN) on the subject allows us to point at some inconsistencies in EU foreign policy.
  • 2012021010/02/2012
    The Forgotten of the Arab Spring
    Belgian media spread this week the info mentioned in a press release of SOS Jeunes – Quartier Libre that warned about the alarming situation of certain foreign unaccompanied minors, left to their fate while Belgium is going through a wave of unusual cold. While refuge measures implemented by the new Secretary of State for Immigration Maggie De Block show here more than a gap, the reason why we insist on it is rather that those young people are mostly from the Maghreb (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia). The fact that young people are left alone without any hosting structures, because they do not want/cannot seek asylum, leads to a necessary reflection on our migration policies in the wake of the Arab spring.
  • 2012020303/02/2012
    The dangerous game of Russia in Syria
    While demonstrations were held today to commemorate the thirtieth anniversary of the uprising of Homa – whose repression was between 10,000 and 30,000 dead according to sources –, members of the UN Security Council were examining today a draft resolution, proposed by the Arab League and presented by Morocco, regarding the situation in Syria. Russia, a permanent member of the Security Council with veto power, still remains opposed to the project. The Security Council has not yet managed to adopt a single resolution on the situation in Syria since the beginning in March of the violent repression of the demonstrations against the regime of Bashar al-Assad.
  • 2012012727/01/2012
    Egypt: an ongoing revolution
    Already a year ago, January 25, 2011, the Egyptians transcended their fear of repression and came down in the street to topple the historic leader Mubarak from the presidency he was holding for nearly thirty years. A popular effort of 18-day’s finally overcame the tenacity of the old leader who left the capital and took exile in Sharm El Sheikh on February 11. This Wednesday, January 25, 2012, the Egyptians massively took the streets to celebrate but also to demonstrate. Overview on the successes and failures of the Egyptian ongoing revolution.
  • 2012012323/01/2012
    Morocco: the step-by-step Revolution?
    "Those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make a violent revolution inevitable" said J. F. Kennedy and it is exactly what Mohammed VI is trying to avoid in Morocco. Morocco is one of the few Arab countries that have not been touched, or almost, by the revolutionary wave. Without going through a revolution, the country is launched on the path of democratic progress. As witness the adoption of the new constitution by referendum last July and the parliamentary elections that have followed. The Kingdom has opted for gradual reforms to avoid a major upheaval that could threaten the monarchy in place. But can there be profound change without revolution and without break with the past? How is the democratic transition going on in Morocco and do the promised reforms will actually take place?
  • 2012011313/01/2012
    Syria on the way to civil war?
    Syrian President now seems ready for the worst horrors in order to stay in charge. Next to the war that he delivers to the protesters, the president is also engaged in a terrible war of images in order to defend its action and clear itself from any involvement in the recent massacres and killings that bloody the country. If the war of image seems lost for President, the war on the ground is unfortunately far from being lost and the violence is increasing, while the international community and the Arab League appear powerless to stop it. The regime uses his dastardly schemes to justify fierce repression, as suggested by Le Figaro and Libération who suspect the regime of being behind the bombing in Kfar Sousse on 23 December or the murder of French journalist Gilles Jacquier. The opposition, represented by the National Council and accused by the Syrian regime of being the cause of this, agrees with the French press.
  • 2012010606/01/2012
    Is Israel becoming a theocracy?
    The early Zionism, one that allowed the building of the State of Israel, was originally a secular socialist movement. Theodor Herzl, the father of the nation, never imagined entrust the affairs of the future state of Jews in Palestine to the religious. In fact, some believe that Israel was socialist but the globalization, the accelerating ultra-liberalization of the Israeli economy, the individualization of society and the alignment of Israeli society on all those of the Western world show that the country has naturally dropped some of its ideological foundations. Could it be the same one day with the religious theme? Should we fear a theocratization of the Israeli political and social scenes? Recent events about the ultra-Orthodox prove that Israel is in constant tension with the various components of its society who sometimes struggle to coexist.