Editorial 2016

  • 2016122020/12/2016
    What about transitional justice in Tunisia ?
    By Chloé de Radzitzky The hearings of Truth and Dignity Commission (TDC) started again on Saturday, December 17th. It occurred exactly six years after Mohamed Bouazizi's immolation which launched the protest movement in Tunisia. Its purpose it to highlight the various human rights violations committed under Bourguiba and Ben Ali (1955-2013). This Commission covers cases of rape, torture… as well as corruption cases and economic crime. The first hearings had already started in November. It indicated the relaunching of a process of transitional justice subjected to controversy. Indeed, if the purpose of the Commission is to promote the national reconciliation, its work is regularly damaged by internal and external dynamics which come to question its range.
  • 2016121313/12/2016
    Turkey’s march towards a »hyper-presidential » system
    The Turkish Parliament discussed on Saturday morning the possibility of reforming the Constitution by referendum. The project of President Erdogan and of his political party (AKP) is to change the parliamentary system in a presidential system "just like in France or in the United States ". In the hypothesis where this change would actually happen, Erdogan could legally remain in power until 2029; as well as strengthening its presidential powers[1].
  • 2016120606/12/2016
    Trump’s presidency: a blessing for the IRGC and the Iranian hardliners ?
    By Chloé de Radzitzky The Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) is a military revolutionary institution that was established by Khomeini in 1979. Its original duty was to protect the achievements of the Revolution. They are loyal to the Supreme Leader and are considered as a strong ally to the hardliners in Iran. This alliance between the conservative factions and this group can find its explanation in ideological and economic reasons. The relationships between Iran and the US have been complicated since the revolution, and the IRGC has always been the first body to declare its distrust toward the West. The election of Rouhani in 2013, symbolizing the coming back of a pragmatic faction after the Ahmadinejad’s presidency and its more open position toward the West (with for instance the signature of the nuclear deal) has hired on IRGC’s interests and beliefs. The arrival of the Trump administration and its strong positions on Iran could be benefiting the hardliners and the IRGC, by indirectly helping them to come back in power in 2017. The future president has indeed declared to be willing to “stand up to Iran”[1] and that its first priority would be “to dismantle "the disastrous deal with Iran"”[2].
  • 2016112929/11/2016
    François Fillion president? What future for the relations between France and the Middle Eastern countries ?
    By Chloé de Radzitzky François Fillon won the French primaries of the center-right wing parties’ primaries with 67 %. The internal affairs of the country, such as the employment, security and the economy were until now the focus points of its campaign. It is however interesting to wonder about what the former prime minister of Nicolas Sarkozy proposes regarding foreign policy; and particularly regarding to the Middle East.
  • 2016112222/11/2016
    After a Revolution and a coup d’état, old tricks still work in Egypt
    By Chloé de Radzitzky The Egyptian Parliament approved last Tuesday a project law regulating the activities of NGOS working on the defense of human rights. Judged as being an insult to the Egyptian constitution by commentators, the text has been sent to the Council of State for checks and amendments. This initiative arrives at a...
  • 2016111414/11/2016
    Trump and the Middle East
    By Chloé de Radzitzky Donald Trump has been elected the 45th president of the United States on Wednesday, surprising the world. It will therefore be him who will be able to determine the country’s foreign policy regarding the Middle East. After the Obama’s era, what does the election of this eccentric billionaire means for the region? The candidate for the presidency emitted diverse opinions concerning the attitude that he would adopt towards the Middle Eastern states, attitudes which sometimes contradicts each others.
  • 2016110202/11/2016
    A triple crisis for President Al-Sissi
    By Chloé de Radzitzky By welcoming foreign dignitaries last year, Sissi hoped to depict a positive image of Egypt. He wanted to present it as being a stable country ready to receive the foreign investors. Nevertheless after 3 years in power, Sissi’s government did not hold its promises of prosperity, generating anger among the population. The signs of the regime’s weaknesses multiply, suggesting that this one might be overcome. On October 12th, the interview of Tuktuk[1] driver had alone managed to shaken it; and the government displayed many efforts to compromise it.
  • 2016102424/10/2016
    Diplomatic stalemate in Yemen: What is the international community doing?
    By Chloé de Radzitzky  The decision concerning the 72 hours ceasefire in Yemen has not lasted long. Indeed, the Arabic military coalition accused the rebels Houthis for having broken it. The decision to establish a cease-fire had been taken on October 17th to settle the conflict after two years of civil war. The crisis started again on August 6th of this year after 3 months of inter-Yemeni negotiation in Kuwait.
  • 2016101818/10/2016
    Syrians: victims of Western paralysis
    By Chloé de Radzitzky Disastrous news from Syria and Aleppo flood newspapers every day. The second Syrian city is not only the theatre of confrontations between the Syrian regime and the rebels, but also of confrontations between the two Super powers. September of this year symbolizes not only the anniversary of the Russian intervention but also the failure of the cease-fire. The war in Syria represents today the second biggest humanitarian disaster since the Second World War. Nonetheless, no decisions related to the country’s future seem to be taken. After the failure of the cease-fire[1], Russia rejected the draft of resolution presented by France and Spain to the Security Council, rendering prospects for diplomatic solution uncertain. These events recall the Cold War period during which conflicts in the Middle East were the ground for confrontation between the USA and of the USSR.
  • 2016101111/10/2016
    Shimon Peres: A controversial man.
    Shimon Peres: A controversial man. By Chloé de Radzitzky Shimon Peres, Nobel Peace Prize and former Israeli prime minister died on September 28th, 2016 at the age of 93. Once the news announced, leaders from the entire world hurried to pay their respects to this man of peace[1]. However, multiple voices question Peres’ inheritance, depicting...
  • 2016100505/10/2016
    Election and changes in the electoral system in Jordan: Perspectives for changes ?
    The Muslim Brotherhood are back on the front of the Jordanian political stage by obtaining 15 seats in the elections of the 20th of September[1]. Those are the first elections since the implementation of the new electoral law. If the key-objective was to re-popularize the elections in the eyes of the Jordanian population, this one remains resolutely skeptical. Indeed, only 29 % of the Jordanians interviewed by International Republican Institute declared to trust the legislative organ[2]. Nevertheless Jordan, by opposition to other monarchies in the Middle East, is considered as organizing free and fair elections[3]. The causes of skepticism thus are therefore to be found somewhere else.