Israeli-libanese conflict (2006)

From 12 July to 11 August 2006, a conflict broke out between Israel and Lebanon. Following the kidnapping of two Israeli soldiers by Hezbollah on the Israeli-Lebanese border, Israel decided to retaliate. Clashes will last a month.

Since its withdrawal from South Lebanon, Israel was preparing to an attack of Hezbollah at its northern border. The armed wing of the Islamic party had indeed taken a position in the region for a future attack on Israel.

On 25 June, a climate of war settles into the Hebrew state following the capture by the military wing of Hamas of the Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit during an attack on a military post near the Gaza Strip. On 27, the IDF response by air raids on civilian infrastructure. Fifteen days later, the scenario repeats itself at the Israel-Lebanon border and triggers a war of one month but whose consequences will be felt in the long run in both countries.

On July 12, the armed wing of Hezbollah abducts two Israeli soldiers, causing an immediate response from the Israeli army. The latter adopted a strategy to isolate the battlefield by destroying all means of connections (roads, bridges, airport, port in Lebanon) available to Hezbollah for rearming. Meanwhile Hezbollah bombards northern Israel with the city of Haifa. Despite the threats, its rockets fail to reach Tel Aviv.

International reactions are varied, but most agree on two points: they unanimously condemn Hezbollah for his aggression, but criticize the disproportionate Israeli response. Many organizations protecting Human Rights stressed the lack of precautions taken by the IDF to avoid civilian casualties. To defend himself, Israel blames Hezbollah strategy to hide among the Lebanese population, and recalled that he had warned the population through leaflets from its future attacks.

The United States supported Israel in its offensive against Hezbollah, but mismanagement of the war has played against Ehud Olmert. The superpower finally resolves to call for a ceasefire on July 23. A few days french-american talks were then necessary to achieve a draft resolution.  Then the two powers jointly put the resolution project in the table in the Security Council calling for a complete cessation of hostilities.

Lebanese authorities opposed the resolution project because it did not contain the Israeli withdrawal from southern Lebanon. In exchange for such a measure, Lebanon committed to deploy 15000 men in the region. This position was supported by the Arab League. The project was redesigned, and on August 11, Resolution 1701 was passed by the Security Council.

The complete cease-fire finally took place on August 14, 2006.