EL BARADEI, Mohammed

Mohamed el Baradei has been the Director General of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for twelve years, from December 1997 to November 2009.

He was born in Cairo, Egypt, in 1942. Son of a lawyer, he studied law at the University of Cairo then he continued his training at the New York University School of Law. His career began in the Egyptian Diplomatic Service. He was working at the Permanent Mission of Egypt to the United Nations. He also participated in various activities of international and regional organizations including the Security Council of the UN, the International Health Organization and the League of Arab States.

After a rich career in the Egyptian and international diplomacy, Mohamed el Baradei joined the IAEA as a member of the secretariat. He was promoted to CEO in 1997, a position he held until 2009. In October 2005, Mohamed El Baradei, an advocate of non-proliferation of nuclear, and the IAEA received the Nobel Peace Prize. He left his position at the IAEA in 2009.

In 2010, the Egyptian political landscape is changing. Indeed, Mohamed El Baradei is presented in Egypt as a potential candidate for the presidency in 2011. For the Egyptians whose only option previously was Gamal Mubarak, son of President Hosni Mubarak, El Baradei represents a new option, much more democratic. By criticizing the lack of democracy and corruption, the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2005 says that its presentation as a presidential candidate for 2011 is threatened by the Egyptian Constitution.

El Baradei called for a constitutional amendment that would allow independent candidates to run for presidential elections without having to get the support of 250 members elected by Parliament and the municipalities, which are dominated by the ruling party of Hosni Mubarak (National Democratic Party (NDP)).