After the death of Yasser Arafat on November 11, 2004, Rawhi Fattouh, president of the Palestinian Parliament, became interim president of the Palestinian Authority for 60 days.

Rawhi Fattouh is regarded as a man acting in the shadow, marginal by the Palestinians. He was also unknown to the general public before occupying the highest authority of the Palestinian Authority.

He was born in Gaza in 1949. Companion of exile for Arafat, he made his return in 1994. After thirty years abroad, he was elected deputy from Gaza and a member of Fatah Revolutionary Council, the movement of Yasser Arafat. He was elected chairman of the PLC in March 2004.

Rawhi Fattouh was Minister of Agriculture of the Palestinian Authority in the government of Ahmed Qurei, but he resigned from that position to run for the presidency of Parliament, whose members were elected in 1996 in the first election held in the Palestinian territories. Candidate Arafat, his victory was assured by the vote of the Members of Fatah majority in parliament, where they hold 63 of 81 seats in this forum.