LIEBERMAN, Avigdor

Avigdor Lieberman, Israeli politician and current Minister of Foreign Affairs, was born on June 5th 1958 in Moldova. He emigrated in Israel in 1978.

In 1999, he founded the party « Israel Beitenu » (Israel our hous), supported by the population from former USSR, and was elected to the Knesset. Member of the Committees of Foreign Affairs and Defense, and state control, he was also chairman of the parliamentary friendship group Israel-Moldova. In 2001, he became minister of national infrastructure, a position he left in March 2002. Re-elected in January 2003 within the national unity government, he became Minister of Transportation. However, in May 2004, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon asked him to leave the government after Lieberman’s opposition to the disengagement plan of Ariel Sharon. During the 2006 elections, Lieberman’s party won eleven seats within the opposition but in October 2006, A. Lieberman signed a coalition agreement with Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and became Minister of Strategic Affairs, a post created to primarily focus on the « Iranian threat ». Opposed to negotiations based on the principle of “land for peace », he left the coalition and his post in January 2008.

In the elections of February 2009, Israel Beitenu became the third political force in the country, and A. Lieberman became foreign minister in Netanyahu’s government.

On his arrival at the Government he immediately indicated that he did not consider Israel bound to the statements of Annapolis. His statements often considered as « shocking » in particular concerning the Arabs of Israel to whom he wants to impose a « declaration of loyalty to Israel » to keep the Israeli nationality, have been highlighted by the international media. The political stance of A. Lieberman about the peace process is based on the disqualification of three ideas: first that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is the main cause of instability in the Middle East, that the conflict is territorial and not ideological and that the establishment of a Palestinian state on 1967 borders would end the war. According to him, the peace process fails because it is based on these principles.

In 2009, Lieberman said that his position had changed and that he was now in favor of the creation of a Palestinian state.

The Israeli leader supports the Israeli membership of the European Union and NATO into the European Union and NATO.

The media are now still divided on the political family to which A. Lieberman belongs, between extreme right, ultra-nationalism and populism.

In February 2010, with the Dubaïgate and fraudulent use of European passports, Israeli Minister of Foreign Affairs is the only one to officially declare that the involvement of Israeli intelligence agency is not proven and that there is no reason to accuse the Mossad. But the political and diplomatic relations between European countries concerned and Israel became strained.