NASRALLAH, Hassan

Hassan Nasrallah, secretary general of Hezbollah since 1992, is seen as the author of turning ideological experienced by the Lebanese Shiite movement. It was under his direction that the movement incorporates for the first time the political process.

Hassan Nasrallah was born August 31, 1960 in the Bourj, the east district of Beirut. At that time, the disadvantaged Shiites of southern Lebanon were mixed with Palestinian refugees and the Kurdish minority. This episode early in the life of Nasrallah, spending his time in hearing the stories of exodus and in contemplating the suffering of the people without land, helps to explain the continued commitment of Hassan Nasrallah to the « cause of the underprivileged. » Hassan Nasrallah « Victory of God » in Arabic, is also known as Seyyid Hassan Nasrallah. Seyyid, which in Arabic literally means « lord » or « prince » is an honorary title given to Muslims and senior who say they are descendants of the Prophet Muhammad through his daughter Fatima and Zahrah stepson and his cousin Ali ibn Abi Talibb . Nasrallah is not, however, to the Shiite religious aristocracy. He is the eldest of a modest family of nine children whose father, Abdel Karim, is not focused on religious issues.

In spring 1975, the outbreak of civil war urged the Nasrallah family to leave Beirut to join his village of origin, Bazourié, located just outside the city of Tire in southern Lebanon. Hassan then began a first experience of politics as a militant in the movement Amal.

But Hassan cultivates other projects, including one to study theology. Thus, in 1976 he left Lebanon for Iraq, and he went to Najaf, one of the most important holy cities of shiisme and that, at that time, is one of the hotbeds of  Iranian theological protestpower. Hassan Nasrallah, with a letter of recommendation from the Imam of Tire, is presented to Ayatollah Mohammed Sadr Baker, (also known as Mohammed Baker al-Hakim) founder of the political party Shiite Al-Daawa (the Call). Sadr will welcome the young Lebanese without fortune in his seminar and entrust him to one of his Lebanese student and disciple  Abbas Al-Moussaoui. Until 1978 Nasrallah studied theology and, during his training he meets Ayatollah Khomeini, an emblematic figure for a large part of the Shiite community.

In 1979, Saddam Hussein rises to power in Iraq, while the Islamic Revolution rages in Iran under the auspices of Ayatollah Khomeini then exiled in France. Under the new Iraqi regime, opposed to the Islamic Revolution, thousands of Shiite faithful are forced to leave the country to escape imprisonment. Hassan Nasrallah, forced to abandon his studies, returned in the Shiite Amal Movement in lebanon.

In 1982, when Israel invaded Lebanon, Hassan Nasrallah joined a group of activists militant from movements Amal and al-Daawa. From the Israeli occupation in southern Lebanon  is going to emerge the Movement Hezbollah, largely inspired Khomeini’s ideas. Its supreme mission is to « liberate Lebanon from Israeli occupation through armed struggle. »

In the early years of the establishment of the Hezbollah movement, there Nasrallah holds no leading role. Within the Movement, Hassan was given the mission of « mobilization » and teaches religion in a seminar in the Bekaa region in southern Lebanon.

In 1992, Abbas Musawi, previously secretary general of Hezbollah and Nasrallah’s friend, died in an air raid by the Israeli army. At the age of 32, Hassan Nasrallah is designated to succeed him.

Now at the time Secretary General of Hezbollah, Hassan Nasrallah introduced the Hezbollah Movement in the political life of Lebanon. In August 1992, Hezbollah, which was formed in a political party, therefore, for the first time in the legislative elections become a real political force.

Military operations by Sheik Hassan Nasrallah

Sheikh Nasrallah received his baptism of fire in July 1993, when the Islamic Resistance, the armed wing of Hezbollah, equipped and financed by Tehran resisted to a major Israeli operation named « Justice rendered. »

In April 1996, Sheikh Nasrallah is forging ties with Damascus, and consolidating its stature following the failure of another major Israeli military operation « Grapes of Wrath ».

In May 2000, Israel operates a unilateral withdrawal of its army from southern Lebanon that it occupied for 22 years. The armed wing of Hezbollah guided by Hassan Nasrallah then deploys his men along the border with Israel.

In January 2004, it operates in the kidnapping of an Israeli officer and manages, through Germany, the exchange of some 400 prisoners and bodies of Lebanese and other Arab nationals.

The abduction on July 12, 2006 of two soldiers of the IDF, as a exchange money against Lebanese prisoners triggers a war between the two sides.

On August 12, 2006, following the adoption of resolution 1701 by the Security Council of the United Nations, Hassan Nasrallah, said that Hezbollah undertakes to respect any cessation of hostilities negotiated by the United Nations, although it estimated decisions, unjust and unfair. During his statements, he also agrees to not to interfere with the decisions of the Lebanese government.