MED Programmes

The MED programmes for decentralized cooperation (not be mixed up with the MEDA Programme) was launched by the European Commission in 1992 in the framework of the « New Mediterranean Policy ».

At the outset there were six MED programmes:

  • MED-CAMPUS aims at strengthening co-operation in higher education by sponsoring projects involving campuses and enterprises from the North and the South with a view to create channels for exchanging experience and transferring know-how from the EU to the Mediterranean partners;
  • MED-INVEST aims at fostering the development of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and at providing them with the technical resources they need to become more competitive and to establish and maintain contacts with one another;
  • MED-MEDIA aims at increasing trans-Mediterranean co-operation between professionals by setting up media networks between the written press, radio and television;
  • MED-MIGRATION aims at enhancing cooperation and partnership between local communities from the EU and the Mediterranean partners and organisations concerned with migrants;
  • MED-TECHNO aims at improving the application of efficient technologies in the Med Programme countries;
  • MED-URBS aims at improving the quality of life in cities and at helping strengthening local democracy by stimulating decentralised co-operation among local authorities in the European Union and the Mediterranean partner countries.

Due to financial irregularities, the MED programmes were suspended by the end of 1995 but the restarting of three of them (MED-Campus, MED-Media and MED-Urbs) was announced in April 1998.

Although these programmes are relatively small-sized in the general framework of Euro-Mediterranean cooperation especially when compared to the MEDA Programme, they have proven their usefulness by setting up for an amount of 67 million ECU, 470 networks involving 2,000 partners from the civil society.