Palestine (representation at the United Nations-)

The PLO gained observer status at the UN General Assembly in 1974, with the right to speak in formal sessions of the Security Council when the interests of the Palestinian people are involved..

In 1988, following the proclamation of the State of Palestine by the PNC in November of the same year, this observer status was transfered to Palestine.

In July 1998, the General Assembly adopted a new resolution confering upon Palestine additional rights and privileges which have traditionally been exclusive to Member States. These include the right to partcipate in the general debate held at the start of each session of the General Assembly, the right to co-sponsor resolutions and the right to raise points of order on Palestinian and Middle East issues.

This resolution also changed the seating of Palestine from its previous location to a location directly after Non-Member States with six seats for delegates (observers only get two) .

In effect, it creates a « super-observer » status for Palestine. The Palestinian representative will however not have the right to vote.

General Assembly Resolution 52/250 confering this new status to Palestine was adopted by a vote of 124 in favour, 4 against (Israel, USA, Marshall Islands, Micronesia) and 10 abstentions.

All European Union member states voted in favour of this promotion of the PLO’s diplomatic representation, causing the irritation of Israel and creating another difficulty for the European Union to take part in the Middle East peace process.