Treaty of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons (NPT)

NPT is a landmark international treaty whose objectives are to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to foster the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to further the goal of achieving general and complete disarmament.

The Treaty establishes a safeguards system under the responsibility of the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) i.a. through inspection missions in signatory countries. The IAEA also plays a central role under the Treaty in areas of technology transfer for peaceful purposes.

  • Date of adoption: 12 June 1968
  • Place of adoption: United Nations, New York
  • Date of entry into force: 5 March 1970
  • Depositary Governments: Russian Federation (formerly USSR), United Kingdom, United States
  • Total number of parties (on January 1999): 186

In May 1995 was held the NPT Review and Extension Conference. This conference was however not able to adopt a final declaration mostly because of the refusal by Israel – which probably disposes of several hundred nuclear warheads – to sign the NPT Treaty.

Israel’s current official position is that it will only join this treaty two years after it signs peace agreements with all countries in the Middle East, including Iran.

Arab and southern Mediterranean countries signatories of the Treaty & Date of Ratification

  • Syrian Arab Republic : 24 September 1969
  • Iraq : 29 October 1969
  • Jordan : 11 February 1970
  • Tunisia : 26 February 1970
  • Somalia : 5 March 1970
  • Lebanon : 15 July 1970
  • Morocco : 27 November 1970
  • Sudan : 31 October 1973
  • Libyan Arab Jamahiriya : 26 May 1975
  • Yemen : 1 June 1979
  • Turkey : 17 April 1980
  • Egypt : 26 February 1981
  • Saudi Arabia : 3 October 1988
  • Bahrain : 3 November 1988
  • Qatar : 3 April 1989
  • Kuwait : 17 November 1989
  • Mauritania : 23 October 1993
  • Algeria : 12 January 1995
  • United Arab Emirates : 26 September 1995
  • Comoros : 14 October 1995
  • Djibouti : 16 October 1996
  • Oman : 23 January 1997