UNSCOM (United Nations Special Commission on Iraq)

Under the terms of the Gulf War cease-fire resolution (UN Security Council Resolution 687 of 3 April 1991), the United Nations Special Commission on Iraq (UNSCOM) was mandated to identify and eliminate Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction and long-range ballistic missile capability and to undertake ‘ongoing’ monitoring and verification of Iraq’s obligation not to reacquire such capabilities. For nuclear weapons, UNSCOM assisted and co-operated with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in the implementation of this task.

Due to the Iraqi obstruction to the work of UNSCOM, this body was replaced by United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission -UNMOVIC- following the adoption of Resolution 1284 by the UN Security Council in December 1999. This Resolution authorises the lifting of the sanctions imposed to Iraq as an exchange of a a new arms’ inspection regime. However, up until now, Iraq has rejected this new regime.

See also:

UNMOVIC

For more information:

UNSCOM website

UNMOVIC website