UNTSO (United Nations Truce Supervision Organization)

Established in 1948 to assist the Mediator and the Truce Commission in supervising the observance of the truce in Palestine. The military orbservers remained in the region to supervise the Armistice agreements between Israel and its Arab neighbours. The mandate of the UNTSO was extended and enlarged after the Suez channel crisis (1956), the Six Days War (1967), the Yom Kippur War (1973). Nowadays, the UNTSO is active in five different countries: Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria.

Since then, UNTSO has performed various tasks, including the supervision of the General Armistice Agreements of 1949 and the observation of the cease-fire in the Suez Canal area and the Golan Heights following the Arab-Israeli war of June 1967. At present, UNTSO assists and cooperates with the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) and the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) in the performance of their tasks. Observer groups are stationed in Beirut and in the Sinai.

  • Headquarters: Jerusalem
  • Chief of Staff: Major-General Carl A. Dodd (Ireland)
  • Current strength : 113 military observers (supported by 103 international civilian personnel and 111 local civilian staff)
  • Expenditure: The annual cost to the United Nations is approximately $ 26 million
  • Financing: Appropriations through the United Nations regular budget
  • Current Contributors (military personnel): Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, China, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Russian Federation, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland and United States.

Note: UNTSO was the first peacekeeping operation established by the United Nations (1948).

For more information:

United Nations Truce Supervision Organization Website