Arab emigration

There are less than 6 million people who have chosen to emigrate from their original Arab country, taking into account only those who retained their nationality. This emigration is almost evenly divided between emigration within Arab countries and emigration to non-Arab countries, mostly from Maghreb to Europe.

The main countries of emigration are in order of percentage of the active population, Yemen, Jordan and Lebanon (over 20% of the active population), Egypt and Syria (10-20%), followed by Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Mauritania and Sudan (3-10%).

The main countries of immigration in the Arab World are the six countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council – hosting around 2 million Arab workers and 1 million non-Arab Asians – and Libya. The immigrants in these countries makes up more than 50% of their active population.

Outside the Arab World, the country with the largest number of Arab immigrants is France with over 2 million. In Europe the other two countries with a high number are the UK (210,000) and Belgium (150,000), with Spain, Italy and Germany following.

Emigrants’ transfers of money home are often of great significance. In Egypt, with the largest amount sent home ($ 3.2 billion in 1987), the amount is the same as the total export revenue. In Jordan and Yemen it even exceeds the total export revenue.

See also:

  • Immigration, Population by nationality of some Mediterranean countries citizens in the European Union